Psy 2/ES2A

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/02/habits-of-resilient-people_n_3818652.html

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Review for the Quest

Review of the Psychological Perspectives for Psychology 1

 

Experimental model

 

What constitutes a reliable study?

 

n=x

 

hypothesis, data, results, peer review

 

Evolutionary Perspective

 

Principles

 

Darwin, Wilson

 

Genetics and the brain

 

Harlow: Wire Mother Experiment

 

Goodall

 

Altruism

 

Language and adaptation

 

Criticism

 

How the mind-brain works: Neuroscience and the Biological Perspective

 

First, how the brain does not: Phineas Gage

 

Building blocks:

 

Neurons

neuron.jpg

Neural networks

 

Neurotransmitters/Hormones

neu.jpg

 

Structure of the Brain

brain.jpg

Hindbrain-reptilian

 

Limbic system-mammilian

 

Amygdala

 

Hippocampus

 

Hypothalamus

 

Temporal Lobe

 

broca.jpg

 

Broka’s Area- output

 

Wernike’s Area- input

 

Occipital Lobe

 

Parietal Lobe

 

Fronal Lobe

 

Pre-frontal Cortex

 

Motor cortex

 

Lateralization- Right and Left Brain

 

MRI, fMRI

 

Cognitive

 

Principles of the Cognitive Perspective

 

Pavlov’s experiment

 

Piaget’s Stage Theory

 

  • Sensorimotor

 

  • Preoperational

 

  • Concrete operational

 

  • Formal operations

 

Three mountain experiment

 

Conservation experiment

 

Schema Theory

 

Vygotsky

 

social learning

 

Multiple intelligences

 

Social Psychology

 

Principles of Social Psychology

 

Vygotsky

 

Milgram obedience study

 

Stamford prison study

 

Self-serving bias

 

Spotlight effect

 

Just world hypothesis

 

Lucifer effect

 

Bystander effect

 

Asch conformity experiment

 

Fundamental attribution error

 

Group dynamics

 

Criticisms of social psychology

 

Psychology 1: Course Goals

Psychology

The subject of psychology covers different ways of understanding and explaining human behaviour, feelings and thoughts from different psychological perspectives.

Aim of the subject

Teaching in the subject of psychology should aim at helping students develop knowledge of the complex factors influencing behaviour, feelings and thoughts amongst people both as individuals and together with others. Students should also be given the opportunity to develop an understanding of different psychological perspectives and their importance for a holistic view of people. Teaching should also contribute to students developing a critical approach to different psychological perspectives and their explanatory models. It should also lead to students developing knowledge about the growth of psychology and how it affects and is affected by the present.

Teaching should give students the opportunity to develop the ability to reflect over their own behaviour, and also their own feelings and thoughts, and by this means contribute to greater self- awareness. Students should also be given the opportunity to study and compare people’s ways of living and behaviour to develop understanding of, tolerance for, and the ability to appreciate differences.

Teaching should give students the opportunity to reflect over different psychological phenomena and perspectives in relation to their own experiences. By means of this, students should be given the opportunity to develop their understanding of the complexity of people and the subject. Teaching should also give students the opportunity of carrying out simple experiments and observations, and also reflecting over the results.

Teaching in the subject of psychology should give students the opportunities to develop the following:

  1. 1)  Knowledge of the growth and development of the psychological sciences. Understanding of the relations between psychological development and societal development.

  2. 2)  Knowledge of human behaviour, feelings and thoughts, based on different psychological perspectives, and also the ability to relate this knowledge to personal experiences.

  3. 3)  The ability to critically examine, compare and reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of different psychological perspectives.

  4. 4)  Knowledge of the importance of heredity and the environment for the individual’s psychological development, living conditions and health.

  5. 5)  Knowledge of human behaviour, values and attitudes in different social contexts.

  6. 6)  The ability to use and assess different psychological theories and models.