The subject of psychology covers different ways of understanding and explaining human behaviour, feelings and thoughts from different psychological perspectives.
Aim of the subject
Teaching in the subject of psychology should aim at helping students develop knowledge of the complex factors influencing behaviour, feelings and thoughts amongst people both as individuals and together with others. Students should also be given the opportunity to develop an understanding of different psychological perspectives and their importance for a holistic view of people. Teaching should also contribute to students developing a critical approach to different psychological perspectives and their explanatory models. It should also lead to students developing knowledge about the growth of psychology and how it affects and is affected by the present.
Teaching should give students the opportunity to develop the ability to reflect over their own behaviour, and also their own feelings and thoughts, and by this means contribute to greater self- awareness. Students should also be given the opportunity to study and compare people’s ways of living and behaviour to develop understanding of, tolerance for, and the ability to appreciate differences.
Teaching should give students the opportunity to reflect over different psychological phenomena and perspectives in relation to their own experiences. By means of this, students should be given the opportunity to develop their understanding of the complexity of people and the subject. Teaching should also give students the opportunity of carrying out simple experiments and observations, and also reflecting over the results.
Teaching in the subject of psychology should give students the opportunities to develop the following:
1) Knowledge of the growth and development of the psychological sciences. Understanding of the relations between psychological development and societal development.
2) Knowledge of human behaviour, feelings and thoughts, based on different psychological perspectives, and also the ability to relate this knowledge to personal experiences.
3) The ability to critically examine, compare and reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of different psychological perspectives.
4) Knowledge of the importance of heredity and the environment for the individual’s psychological development, living conditions and health.
5) Knowledge of human behaviour, values and attitudes in different social contexts.
6) The ability to use and assess different psychological theories and models.